State Agency’s Failure to Enforce Law Endangers People, Environment
Seven local, regional and national groups today filed a formal notice of intent to sue the U.S. Office of Surface Mining for failing to intervene on West Virginia’s lax oversight of mountaintop-removal and other destructive surface coal mining — a state program that has, for decades, allowed the coal industry to ravage the environment, putting people at risk and destroying local communities.
The state’s chronically poor oversight has included a persistent failure to conduct inspections meant to protect people and the environment from coal companies that operate outside the law. Out-of-control mountaintop-removal coal mining is linked to epidemics of cancer, cardiovascular disease and birth defects in affected communities. West Virginia has also failed to undertake required assessments to ensure lakes, rivers and drinking-water wells aren’t harmed by mountaintop-removal mining and other destructive surface coal-mining practices.
"Citizens' groups have been forced to demand federal enforcement because the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection has failed to do its job," said Vernon Haltom, executive director of Coal River Mountain Watch. "Our communities and health suffer because the state lets the mining industry get away with polluting at will."
In June 2013, 18 organizations joined a legal petition to the Office of Surface Mining detailing the extensive mining-oversight failures of West Virginia’s Department of Environmental Protection. The federal agency has acknowledged that five of the claims have merit, but has failed to take action toward promulgating a federal program. Under the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, it is required to step in when a state fails to implement, enforce or maintain its program for overseeing surface mining.
"The situation here could not be more urgent," said Vivian Stockman, project coordinator at the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition. "Under West Virginia’s program, we’ve seen once-vibrant streams die, devastating floods, and loved ones exposed to toxic blasting dust take ill. Mountaintop-removal coal mining has destroyed communities and threatens to destroy more. We need OSM to take action now."
The notice of intent details the state’s failure to complete mandatory inspections evaluating whether a mining operation is complying with the law.
"West Virginia’s watchdog on mountaintop-removal coal mining is utterly failing to do its job. During one three-month stretch in 2014, the state failed to conduct 171 required inspections," said Lori Ann Burd, environmental health director at the Center for Biological Diversity. "These chronic failures translate into serious harm on the ground — because without inspections, the people who live in the state have to rely on the mining industry to voluntarily report things like water-quality violations that threaten public health."
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