Nature-based solutions and water coalitions
Nature-based solutions create coastal benefits
As the effects of climate change continue to worsen, our nation’s shorelines are at risk from severe storms, flooding, erosion and other threats. While hard structures such as bulkheads are prone to damage and can contribute to erosion by deflecting waves, living shorelines can be more effective at protecting coastlines and create habitat, purify water and benefit wildlife species (such as black oystercatchers, pictured).
The National Wildlife Federation has helped construct multiple living shorelines, including at Conquest Beach in Maryland, which the Federation and local partners transformed from an unstable riverbank to a living shoreline with a “shingle beach” technique—which uses small stones to protect the beach from severe erosion—as well as other nature-based features. Other living shoreline tactics include marsh grass planting (shown at Windy Hill Farm in Maryland, above), oyster reef creation and dune building.
NWF also provides technical support and expertise to communities in the Gulf Region interested in creating living shorelines and helps facilitate training that teaches marine contractors how to install nature-based features. It also works with communities to understand their needs and connect them with state agencies to help provide funding.
“We do this work with an overarching equity lens,” says NWF Adaptation and Coastal Resilience Specialist Arsum Pathak. “We want to make sure these solutions are in communities of most need, where we are seeing high storm surges and erosion rates—while making sure the communities want them.”
Working for clean water
Water coalitions grow capacity and reach
The Federation proudly works with nine coalitions devoted to protecting and restoring aquatic ecosystems across the country: the Choose Clean Water Coalition, Healing Our Waters–Great Lakes Coalition, Restore the Mississippi River Delta Coalition, Coalition for the Delaware River Watershed, Clean Water for All Coalition, Texas Living Waters Project, Healthy Headwaters Alliance, Everglades Coalition and Water Protection Network.
Each of these works with regional partners. The Restore the Mississippi River Delta Coalition, for example, involves five core organizations and partners with NWF affiliates Louisiana Wildlife Federation and Mississippi Wildlife Federation, which work to protect the delta (above) using methods such as barrier island restorations, oyster reef creation (right) and sediment diversions. One priority project, the Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion, will direct sediment-laden water from the Mississippi River into Barataria Bay to bolster thousands of acres of rapidly disappearing wetlands.
The Texas Living Waters Project advocates for equitable and sustainable water infrastructure as part of its broader focus on the health of Texas rivers, bays and estuaries. It supports “One Water” planning, an integrated management approach that prioritizes community participation, water reuse strategies and climate resilience. “We are big advocates of trying to get people to think differently about water infrastructure,” says Amanda Fuller, director of NWF’s Texas Coast and Water Program. “We want to encourage the incorporation of green and nature-based infrastructure elements.”
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