Tribal people have a deep historical, cultural, traditional, and spiritual connection to bison that stretches back thousands of years. The National Wildlife Federation and the tribes share a common vision of establishing herds of genetically pure wild bison across the West and restoring Native Americans' cultural connection to bison.
In 1997 the National Wildlife Federation signed a memorandum of understanding with the Intertribal Bison Cooperative, the first-ever conservation agreement between an environmental organization and an inter-tribal group, to advocate for the return of wild bison to tribal lands.
The political opposition to the return of the bison seemed insurmountable, as bison were seen as a threat to domestic livestock. Overcoming these challenges is a significant conservation milestone and opens the door to moving wild bison onto other large landscapes.
By bringing bison back to reservations, we are revitalizing a landscape, habitat, and a diversity of wildlife, while also re-establishing Native Americans’ cultural and historic connections to wildlife and the land.
The National Wildlife Federation and tribes share a common vision of returning wild bison to historical habitat and restoring Native Americans' cultural connections to bison. For more than two decades, the National Wildlife Federation’s Tribal Program has worked with tribes to bring wild bison back to their lands and cultures and restore this iconic American species to its rightful home on the prairies.
In November 2016 the Eastern Shoshone Tribe and the National Wildlife Federation welcomed buffalo back to the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming after an absence of over 130 years.
For best results when opening PDFs or watching video, please use Firefox or Chrome.
In 2012 the Fort Peck Tribes, the National Wildlife Federation, and conservation partners succeeded in convincing the state of Montana to transfer more than 60 bison back to tribal lands. On March 19, 2012, after more than a century away, wild bison were returned to roam the Great Plains in Montana.
In November 2014 we took another significant stride by restoring an additional 134 Yellowstone bison to the Fort Peck Reservation.
To learn more about our work, please contact the National Wildlife Federation's Tribal Program.
Our Work on Tribal Lands
We partner with sovereign tribal nations to solve today's conservation challenges for future generations.
Home at Last
Read about the bison's return to the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming, from the pages of National Wildlife® magazine.
The National Wildlife Federation welcomes the news that EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt has stepped down from his position to allow new leadership for this critical agency.Read More
Find out what it means to source wood sustainably, and see how your favorite furniture brands rank based on their wood sourcing policies, goals, and practices.Read More
Climate change is allowing ticks to survive in greater numbers and expand their range—influencing the survival of their hosts and the bacteria that cause the diseases they carry.Read More
Tell your members of Congress to save America's vulnerable wildlife by supporting the Recovering America's Wildlife Act.Read More
You don't have to travel far to join us for an event. Attend an upcoming event with one of our regional centers or affiliates.